CWIS commences a two-year study of the effects of elevated CO2 and other greenhouse gases on traditional plant-based and animal-based foods and medicines used by Fourth World communities.
CWIS leads the Quinault Tribal Delegation to the 15th Conference of Parties of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change in Poznan, Poland.
Facilitated Quinault Nation participation in the ICCFA Conference of Parties Session 14 in Poznan, Poland and two side events at the Conference.
Conducts the Fourth World Atlas Project involving research for a series of maps, depicting Indigenous nations, cultural regions, eco-systems, border disputes, and environmental degradation; and “Exploration & Exploitation”.
Published a wall map (Indigenous Nations 1500) for use in the school grades 3-12 used in schools around the United States. The map depicts the sites and original names of more than 3,900 American Indian communities in the geographic bounds of the United States before 1500 AD.
Leads Tribal/State/Area Agency on Aging negotiations on enactment of Federal caregiver policy.
Changes to policies to benefit tribal elders undertaking Medicare benefits assessments at state, tribal and federal levels.
Presents at Mayo Clinic, “Changing Patterns in Native Communities,” and on Traditional Medicine and Diabetes. Seattle, WA.
Celebrates 25 years of indigenous education providing Certificate and Master’s Degrees.
The CWIS 2 year Certificate and Master’s program enabled over twenty-five graduate students to obtain self designed certificates and Masters degrees in the fields Fourth World Studies, Negotiations, Traditional Medicine, Consciousness Studies and over 500 interns.
Publishes “Cultural Connections, A Teacher’s Guide for cross-cultural education (K-12)” and distributed to schools in the United States, Canada and Australia.
Elementary and Secondary schools in three English Speaking Countries used the guide to enhance learning among youth about indigenous peoples in their localities.
CWIS begin bilateral talks and negotiations between US Department of State/Indian Intergovernmental negotiations between the Quinault Indian Nation government and the US Department of State.
The Quinault President entered into direct talks and then negotiations with the US Department of to formalize the US President’s policy of conducting relations between Executive Agencies and Indian governments consistent with the principle of government-to-government relations that resulted in the US Department of State breaking off negotiations without explanation after three months of negotiations.
CWIS collaboratively drafts language as guidelines for the United States Department of Interior’s Intertribal Task Force on Climate Change for Interior responsibilities in relations with tribal governments.
Co-drafts language incorporated into US President Barack Obama’s Executive Order on Federal Agency Consultation with tribal governments.
Drafts the “Tribal White Paper on Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation for inclusion in White House Policy on Climate change in relation to Indian communities”.
Provides (Indigenous peoples’ language) for US House Bill 2454, the American Clean Energy and Security Act of 2009.
Presents “Reflections on Treaties, Indian Law, and Tribal Sovereignty,” Constitutional Sovereignty Summit, Washington, D.C.
Drafts language for the Tribal Self-Governance Planning section of the US Congress Appropriations Act, 1981 – 1988.
CWIS facilitated the organization of US/Tribal leaders’ talks to establish a framework (Appointment of a special US government negotiator) to negotiate Self-Governance Compacts between the US government and each of more than 560 tribal governments resulting in more than $2 billion USD in education, health, government services and economic services.
Drafts Government-to-government policy and practices, Environmental Protection Agency, 1986.
The Environmental Protection Agency adopted the “EPA Policy for the Administration of Environmental Programs on Indian Reservations” (WSG-73) including the language: “to give special consideration to Tribal interest in making Agency policy, and to insure the close involvement of Tribal Governments in making decisions …”
Drafts Government-to-government Indian Policy for President Ronald Reagan.
CWIS language was incorporated into the Presidential American Indian policy statement, “which reaffirmed the government-to-government relationship of Indian tribes with the United States; expressed the primary role of tribal governments in reservation affairs”.
Drafts Federal Acknowledgment Regulations – Bureau of Indian Affairs.
Drafted Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act.